Over the past two weeks, the international policy, scientific and NGO community came together at the World Conference Center in Bonn, Germany, and participated in the SB46 (Subsidiary Body 46) of the UNFCCC. A delegation of IFLRY had the privilege of observing these pre-negotiation meetings, which seek to serve as the foundation for the Conference…

Before starting the discussion about the actual situation in Ukraine one has to become acquainted with the distinguishing features of the political system in Ukraine: Political parties do not have any specific ideologies. Nevertheless, they are not populist, in this case the parties would presume to keep their programs according to popular opinion; on the contrary, the parties…

You can read an introductory post to Krijn’s series on liberal political philosophy here. In what Hobbes calls “the natural condition of mankind” (p. 86), people’s lives are be “solitary, poore, nasty, brutish and short.” (p. 89) Hobbes believes this, because of how he understands human freedom. As I explained in my previous article, Hobbes…

It’s been a week since the Turkish general elections. Unlike the previous elections or referenda of the past 12 years, this one was not a clear victory for AKP or the party’s de facto leader Erdogan. Turkish politics has so far been characterized with the country’s rather obnoxious former PM and current president Erdogan, but…

Last year saw the largest number of refugees worldwide since the Second World War, and this year the numbers don’t look to be reducing. There’s an aspect to this crisis which isn’t accounted for within the UN Convention on the Status of Refugees, but which is already happening, and will only continue to grow as…

More and more countries have begun contemplating whether or not to introduce plain packaging for products containing tobacco. Not only does such a policy fail to produce the outcomes governments intend, but it also fails to respect the intellect and freedom of choice of individuals. The UK government announced in 2012 that it would conduct…

For the past few weeks a huge marriage scandal has been dominating discussion in Russia. The President of the Chechen Republic, Ramzan Kadyrov, gave his blessing to the marriage of a 57 (according to some sources 46) year old Police Chief and a 17 year old girl. The public outcry went in several directions, with…

John Stuart Mill believed that until conditions of equality exist, no one can possibly assess the natural differences between women and men. Mill spoke about human rights in general with focus on voting rights for women. Mary Wollstonecraft encouraged women to use their voices to make decisions separately from decisions previously made for them. Wollstonecraft…